Tagged: pendrive

How to keep your important files/documents safe from being modified/deleted or stolen

In today’s world, your important digital documents and files  need to be protected from hackers and malware.

Hackers could steal your important files which could cause a lot of trouble for you

malware’s could encrypt your important files if you don’t keep it safe. They could also delete your important files.

This method will work for you if access your important files less frequently.

Your first line of defence is a good security software. Use good internet security softwares like Kaspersky, Bitdefender, ESET, Trend micro.

If somehow malware gets installed in the computer then your second line of defence is to keep important files separate & disconnected from the computer.

 

Use Pendrive to keep your important files

  • So my first suggestion is to keep your important files in an external Pendrive.
  • If possible keep two copies of important files in the pendrive.
  • Pendrives are available cheaply and are very reliable compared to hard disk
  • Don’t keep that Pendrive connected to your computer all the time.
  • Connect it to the computer when you need to access the important files. When you are done then again disconnect the Pendrive from the computer and keep it in a safe place where it is not accessible to others very easily.
  • If possible encrypt the content of Pendrive using encryption tools like BitLocker or VeraCrypt

 

Encrypting USB pendrive using Bitlocker

  • I am using windows 10 Bitlocker as an example. I suggest you upgrade to Windows 10.
  • Insert the USB pendrive into the computer
  • Open “Control Panel”
  • Click “Bitlocker Drive encryption”

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  • Scroll down to the list where your pendrive is shown
  • Click “Turn on BitLocker:

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  • Tick “Use a password to unlock drive”
  • Enter the password
  • Click “Next”

 

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  • Select a method to save the recovery key

 

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  • I am saving the recovery key in a file

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  • Click “Next”

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  • Click “Next”

 

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  • Click “Next”

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  • Click “start Encrypting”

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  • Click “Close” when encryption is complete

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  • You have successfully encrypted the USB pendrive.
  • You can save your important files in the pendrive
  • You need to enter the password to access the content of pendrive

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Keep the important files on a separate partition in the hard disk

  • If you don’t want to use Pendrive for some reason then you must keep the important files on a separate partition on the hard disk. This is less secure than the previous method.
  • Create a separate partition with size that can hold all your important files. You can resize the existing partition to make space for new separate partition using free partition managers like

AOMEI Partition Assistant Standard Edition :  http://www.disk-partition.com/free-partition-manager.html

MiniTool Partition Wizard Free Edition :  https://www.partitionwizard.com/free-partition-manager.html

  • If possible encrypt the content of the partition using encryption tools like BitLocker or VeraCrypt

 

  • Using AOMEI Partition manager I will resize an existing partition and then create a new partition to store important files.

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  • I will resize the H: partition to create free 2GB unallocated space which will be used to create a new partition.
  • Right click on the partition that you want to resize. In this case, I right click on H: partition.
  • Select “Resize partition:

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  • As you can see H: partition occupies 42.12 GB.

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  • Slide the slider at the end of the partition to reduce the size of the partition.
  • Since I need 2 GB to store my important files, I slided the slider so that “Unallocated space after” is 2 GB
  • Click”OK”

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  • As you can see below that 2 GB unallocated space has been created.

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  • Now you need to create a new partition which will hold your important files.
  • Right click on “unallocated” space and select “Create partition”

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  • Click “OK”

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  • Now click on “Apply” to complete the operation.

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  • Click “Proceed” and follow the instruction.
  • You may need to reboot to complete the operation

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  • As you can see below that new partition X: with size 2 GB has been created

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  • Open windows explorer
  • Right click the newly created X: partition
  • select “Format”

 

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  • Click “start” to format the partition

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  • Click “OK”

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  • Click “close”

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  • Now you can copy all your important files in this partition

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  • Now you need to hide the new partition so that malwares can’t access it.
  • Right click on it and select “Hide partition” as shown below

 

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  • Click “OK”

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  • Click “Apply” to hide the partition

 

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  • Click “Proceed”

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  • As you can see below the new partition is now hidden and cannot be accessed by malwares and hackers

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  • When you want to access the important files in the partition then you need to unhide it as shown below.

 

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  • Click “OK”

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  • Click “apply” to unhide the partition

 

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  • Click “proceed”

 

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  • When you are done accessing the important files the again hide the partition.

 

Get maximum Read Write Speed from USB Pendrive/External hard Disk

To get maximum read write speed from USB Pendrive/External hard Disk you need to Format it with “NTFS” File system and set “Allocation unit size” to 16-64 Kilobytes.

By default allocation unit size is 4KB.

Increasing the Allocation unit size makes it much easier to manage storage space but it also causes wastage of storage space.

So if you worry about wastage of storage space then use Allocation unit size as 16 KB.  I recommend using 16 KB as Allocation unit size.

Otherwise you could use highest 64 KB.

Note : Formatting the USB Pendrive/External hard Disk will Erase all the data in it.

Get maximum read Write speed from USB Pendrive

  • First insert the USB Pendrive to the computer.
  • Move all the files in the pendrive to another location in the computer.
  • Right click on the USB Pendrive as shown below and select “Format”

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  • Set File System as “NTFS
  • Set “Allocation unit size” to “64 kilobytes
  • Click “Start

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  • Click “OK

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  • Click “Close

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  • Now you can Read Write files in USB Pendrive at much faster speed than before.

 

 

Get maximum read Write speed from USB External hard Disk

  • First insert the USB External Hard Disk to the computer.
  • Move all the files in the External Hard Disk to another location in the computer.
  • Right click on the USB External Hard Disk as shown below and select “Format”

 

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  • Set File System as “NTFS
  • Set “Allocation unit size” to “64 kilobytes
  • Click “Start

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  • Follow the instructions.
  • After the Format has completed you will get maximum read write speed from USB External hard disk

Install Windows/Linux OS from a bootable USB Pendrive created using Rufus tool

If you want to install Windows OS or Linux OS in your computer using a USB Pendrive, then you need software Rufus to do so.

Download Rufus :  https://rufus.akeo.ie/

You need to have ISO image file of Windows/Linux OS installation disc image in order to create a bootable USB pendrive using Rufus tool.

CREATE A LINUX OS BOOTABLE PENDRIVE

  • Insert a USB pendrive of size 4 GB or more into the computer.
  • Start “Rufus”
  • Select the pendrive in “Device” menu, in which you want to create the bootable USB pendrive

 

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  • Click on Icon as shown below

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  • Select the Linux OS ISO image file

 

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  • Click “Start”

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  • If shown this message click “OK”

 

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  • Click “OK” to start creating bootable USB pendrive

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  • When completed click “Close”

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  • Linux OS bootable Pendrive created which can be used to install Linux OS

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CREATE A MICROSOFT WINDOWS OS BOOTABLE PENDRIVE

  • Insert a USB Pendrive of size 8 GB or more into the computer
  • Start “rufus”
  • Select the pendrive in “Device” menu, in which you want to create the bootable USB pendrive

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  • Click on Icon as shown below

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  • Select the Windows OS ISO image file
  • Click “Open”

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  • Click “Start” to start the creation of bootable USB pendrive

 

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CREATE A LINUX OS BOOTABLE PENDRIVE

  • Insert a USB pendrive of size 4 GB or more
  • Start “Rufus”
  • Select the pendrive in “Device” menu, in which you want to create the bootable USB pendrive

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  • Click on Icon as shown below

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  • Select the Linux OS ISO installation file
  • Click “Open”

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  • Click “Start”

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  • Sometimes Rufus will download files from internet for Linux OS
  • Click “Yes”

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  • Click “OK”

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  • Click “OK” to start creating bootable USB pendrive

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  • Linux OS bootable USB pendrive is being created

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  • On completion click “close”

 

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  • Linux OS bootable installation USB pendrive created

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