Tagged: Linux

Install Windows/Linux OS from a bootable USB Pendrive created using Rufus tool

If you want to install Windows OS or Linux OS in your computer using a USB Pendrive, then you need software Rufus to do so.

Download Rufus :  https://rufus.akeo.ie/

You need to have ISO image file of Windows/Linux OS installation disc image in order to create a bootable USB pendrive using Rufus tool.

CREATE A LINUX OS BOOTABLE PENDRIVE

  • Insert a USB pendrive of size 4 GB or more into the computer.
  • Start “Rufus”
  • Select the pendrive in “Device” menu, in which you want to create the bootable USB pendrive

 

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_192417

  • Click on Icon as shown below

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_175032

  • Select the Linux OS ISO image file

 

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_175134

 

  • Click “Start”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_175147

  • If shown this message click “OK”

 

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_175204

  • Click “OK” to start creating bootable USB pendrive

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_175211

  • When completed click “Close”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_175949

  • Linux OS bootable Pendrive created which can be used to install Linux OS

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180027

CREATE A MICROSOFT WINDOWS OS BOOTABLE PENDRIVE

  • Insert a USB Pendrive of size 8 GB or more into the computer
  • Start “rufus”
  • Select the pendrive in “Device” menu, in which you want to create the bootable USB pendrive

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_192417

 

  • Click on Icon as shown below

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180125

  • Select the Windows OS ISO image file
  • Click “Open”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180147

  • Click “Start” to start the creation of bootable USB pendrive

 

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180210

 

CREATE A LINUX OS BOOTABLE PENDRIVE

  • Insert a USB pendrive of size 4 GB or more
  • Start “Rufus”
  • Select the pendrive in “Device” menu, in which you want to create the bootable USB pendrive

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_192417

 

  • Click on Icon as shown below

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180339

  • Select the Linux OS ISO installation file
  • Click “Open”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_191404

  • Click “Start”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180352

 

  • Sometimes Rufus will download files from internet for Linux OS
  • Click “Yes”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180410

  • Click “OK”

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180426

  • Click “OK” to start creating bootable USB pendrive

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180432

  • Linux OS bootable USB pendrive is being created

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180504

  • On completion click “close”

 

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_180952

 

  • Linux OS bootable installation USB pendrive created

CREATE BOOTABLE PENDRIVE FOR OS INSTALLATION USING RUFUS _21052016_181027

Settings To Do After Installing Linux Mint 17 Qiana MATE

After installing linux mint 17 MATE edition there are some good settings that can be done . I am merely suggesting you to do these settings. Your computer needs to be connected to Internet. Better you have a fast Internet. Enter password whenever asked during the whole process.

  • Start Control Center

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_001

  • You can do a lot of settings

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Control Center_002

  • Start the terminal

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_033

  • We need to install some themes and icons before we are able to use it.
  • To do so write these in terminal. Press “Enter” or “Y” whenever asked during installation.

 THEMES

  1. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/themes
  2. sudo apt-get update
  3. sudo apt-get install ambiance-radiance-colors
  4. sudo apt-get install mediterranean-theme
  5. sudo apt-get install ambiance-lime
  6. sudo apt-get install mintx-colors-gtk-theme
  7. sudo apt-get install delorean-dark

ICONS

  1. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:noobslab/icons
  2. sudo apt-get update
  3. sudo apt-get install faenza-icon-theme
  4. sudo apt-get install faience-icon-theme
  • Open appearance from “Control center”.
  • Click “Customize” as shown below.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Appearance Preferences_003

  • Select a theme.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Customize Theme_004

  • Select a “Windows border” theme

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Customize Theme_005

  • Select a “Icon set”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Customize Theme_006

  • Select a “pointer”
  • close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Customize Theme_007

  • Start synaptic package manager

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_034

  • Search “times new roman”
  • Right click “ttf-mscorefonts-installer” .
  • Select “mark for installation”.
  • Click “Apply”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Synaptic Package Manager (as superuser)_008

  • Goto fonts tab .
  • Select “Arial” font as shown below.
  • Close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Appearance Preferences_032

  • start desktop settings from “control center”.
  • Select which icon you want to see in desktop.
  • Close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Desktop Settings_010

  • Start “notification settings” from “Control center’
  • Select position ” Top left”.
  • close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Notification Settings_011

  • Start “preferred applications” from “control center”
  • Select default applications

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Preferred Applications_012   LINUX MINT 17 MATE Preferred Applications_013

  • When done close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Preferred Applications_014

  • Start “Screensaver preferences”.
  • Select screensaver.
  • Select other options as required.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Screensaver Preferences_015

  • Start “disks” from “control center”
  • here you can see all the hard disks and partitions
  • here i will do settings to automount partitions . When linux boots , it does not mount some partitions be default. It better you do settings to auto mount some partition that you use.
  • You can see star mark in partition which gets auto mounted .
  • I need partition 8 to auto mount.
  • Select the partition 8.
  • Click on setting icon as shown below and select “Edit mount options”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Disks_016

  • Turn off the “Automatic mount options”
  • Tick “Mount at startup” and “Show in user interface”
  • click “OK”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Mount Options_017

  • Now you can see star mark in partition 8 which will get auto mounted .
  • close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Disks_018

  • Start “mouse” in control center.
  • increase the mouse sensitivity

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Mouse Preferences_019

  • i disabled the touchpad while typing.
  • close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Mouse Preferences_020

  • Start “power management” from control center.
  • Do settings as required.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Power Management Preferences_021   LINUX MINT 17 MATE Power Management Preferences_022

  • When done close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Power Management Preferences_023

  • Start “sound” from control center.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Sound Preferences_024

  • By default Vlc media player is installed.
  • Start VLC .
  • Select Tools-> preferences.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE VLC media player_025

  • Tick “allow only one instance”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Simple Preferences_026

  • Tick “Always on top”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Simple Preferences_027

  • Select “all” as shown below.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Simple Preferences_028

  • Untick “resize interface to the native video size”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Advanced Preferences_029

  • Select resampling quality to 8

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Advanced Preferences_030

  • Select ” Sinc fuction (best quality) “
  • Close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Advanced Preferences_031

  • Right click on panel and select “properties”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_035

  • you may want to increase the size . for me 30 pixels was good enough

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Panel Properties_036

  • you may want to change the theme of panel .
  • you make the panel trasparent

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Panel Properties_037

  • about 50% transparency.
  • When done close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_038

  • Select “add to panel’ as shown below

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_039

  • there are various applets that you can add in panel

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Add to Panel_040

  • Select “network monitor” .
  • Click “Add”
  • close window

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Add to Panel_041 Addtitionally you may install softwares. Install Variety 

Variety is more of a fully featured application than just a simple AppIndicator, but I’ll add it here anyway since I’m sure many of you will love it.
Variety is a wallpaper changer. Variety automatically downloads and changes your wallpaper on a given interval. Using Variety , you’ll get cool, fresh wallpapers each day. Or each hour. Or… well, it’s up to you when the wallpaper changes.

To install Variety in Linux Mint 17 Qiana, use the following commands:

  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:peterlevi/ppa
  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt-get install variety
  • start variety.
  • Tick “Start variety when the computer starts”
  • untick all under ” images “

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Variety Preferences_042

  • Add images files or the folder with images

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Variety Preferences_043

  • untick “enable sharing on facebook … “.
  • when done close window.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Variety Preferences_044

  • Start “Software manager” as shown below

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Workspace 1_045

  • Un-tick “search while typing”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Software Manager (as superuser)_049   LINUX MINT 17 MATE Software Manager (as superuser)_046 Clementine is a good audio player.

  • Search “Clementine”.
  • Double click on it.

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Software Manager (as superuser)_047

  • click “install”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Software Manager (as superuser)_048 Conky is a system monitor that can display just about anything, either on your root desktop or in its own window. Conky has many built-in objects, as well as the ability to execute external programs or scripts (either external or through built-in lua support).
LINUX MINT 17 MATE Software Manager (as superuser)_063

  • Similarly you can install others softwares.

Deluge is a full-featured, multi-platform, multi-interface BitTorrent client using libtorrent-rasterbar in its back end and featuring multiple user-interfaces: GTK+, web and console. Shutter is a feature-rich screenshot program. You can take a screenshot of a specific area, window, your whole screen, or even of a website – apply different effects to it, draw on it to highlight points, and then upload to an image hosting site, all within one window.

GPRename is a complete batch renamer for files and directorys. GPRename easily can replace, remove, insert, delete and number consecutively files and directorys.
OpenShot Video Editor is a free, open-source, non-linear video editor. It can create and edit videos and movies using many popular video, audio, and image formats. Create videos for YouTube, Flickr, Vimeo, Metacafe, iPod, Xbox, and many more common formats!

gufw is an easy and intuitive way to manage your Linux firewall. It supports common tasks such as allowing or blocking pre-configured, common p2p, or individual port(s), and many others! HandBrake is a tool for converting video from nearly any format to a selection of modern, widely supported codecs. HandBrake is an open-source, GPL-licensed, multiplatform, multithreaded video transcoder, available for MacOS X, Linux and Windows. Furius ISO Mount is a simple application for mounting ISO, IMG, BIN, MDF and NG image files even without burning them to disk. uGet  is a download manager. uGet is a very Powerful & Lightweight download manager application with a large inventory of features. uGet is an Open Source download manager application for GNU/Linux developed with GTK+.

You also need to install flashgot downloader manager addon in firefox .

Now when you download files from firefox, you get this message . Select “Flashgot” then “uGet” . Now the file will be downloaded by uGet download manager. LINUX MINT 17 MATE Opening Firefox-20Setup-2030.0.exe_054

  • You can install more software from synaptic package manager

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Synaptic Package Manager  (as superuser)_064 Search and install GNOME Nettool is a network information tool which provides user interfaces for some of the most common command line network tools i MediaInfo-gui is a utility used for retrieving technical information and other metadata about audio or video files.

Installation through terminal

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Terminal_053 Simple screen recorder Write following commands in terminal to install

  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:maarten-baert/simplescreenrecorder
  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt-get install simplescreenrecorder

I-Nex is free system info tool which is used to gather information on the main system components (devices) such as CPU, motherboard, memory, video memory, sound, USB devices and so on.

  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:i-nex-development-team/stable
  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:nemh/gambas3
  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt-get install i-nex

CPU-G is useful utility to show hardware information. It detects hardware and display details about everything, it shows information about CPU(Processor), RAM(Active/Inactive, Free, Used and cached), Motherboard and Chipset, Bios Details, Graphic card details, and details of installed Linux.

  • sudo add-apt-repository ppa:cpug-devs/ppa
  • sudo apt-get update
  • sudo apt-get install cpu-g
  • Firefox font settings

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Google - Mozilla Firefox_051

  • Select default font “Arial”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Firefox Preferences_052

  • To Resize desktop icons right click on the desktop icons and select “Resize icon”

LINUX MINT 17 MATE RESIZE ICON 1

  • Now you can resize the desktop icons

LINUX MINT 17 MATE  RESIZE ICON 2_002

  •  Update manager Preferences

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Update Manager_003

  • increase the Auto-refresh time

LINUX MINT 17 MATE Preferences - Update Manager_005

Linux Mint Debian Cinnamon – installation & configuration

Linux Mint Debian Cinnamon

System requirements:

  • x86 processor (LMDE 64-bit requires a 64-bit processor. LMDE 32-bit supports all x86 processors, non-PAE included).
  • 1GB RAM
  • 5 GB of disk space
  • Graphics card capable of 800×600 resolution
  • DVD drive or USB port

Download link

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 1

  • Select your language

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 2

  • Select your location

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 3

  • Select keyboard layout

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 4

  • Enter username and password

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 5

 

  • Select the hard disk where you want to install Linux.

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 6

  • You need to have a linux partition to install linux. I am using ext4 type partition.
  • As you can see below that /dev/sda3 is already a ext4 type partition and /dev/sda10 is a swap type partition.
  • To install linux in dev/sda3 double click on it .

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 7

 

 

 

  • Select Mount point ” / ‘
  • Select format as “ext4”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 9

  • Select the ext4 partition. Click “forward” to install.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 10

  • If you do not have a partition in which Linux will be installed, then click “Edit partitions”.
  • gParted window will open as shown below.
  • Delete an existing partition

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 11

  • /dev/sda3 installed. now i get 28.87 GiB unallocated space.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 12

  • I also delete /dev/sda10 partition just to demonstrate.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 13

  • Right click on unallocated space and select new.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 14

  • Select as shown below. click “Add”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 15

  • Select another unallocated space.
  • Right click and select “new”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 16

  • Select as shown below.
  • click “Add”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 17

  • Click “Apply All Operations” .

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 18

  • Click “Apply”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 19

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 20

  • ext4 and swap type partition created.
  • Close “GParted”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 21

  • Click “refresh”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 22

  • Select ext4 type partition and double click.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 23

  • Select as shown below.

 

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 26

  • Select ext4 type partition and click “forward”

 

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 27

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 28

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 29

  • wait  few minutes for installation to complete.
  • restart.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 30

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 32

  • Start “update manager”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 33

  • Click “Install Updates”

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 34

  • When asked click “Forward”

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 38

 

  • Linux mint settings

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 35

  • power management settings.

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 36

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 37

  • install software from software manager.

 

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 39

  • system monitor

 

LINUX MINT DEBIAN CINNAMON 40

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS Installation & Configuration

Ubuntu 14.04 LTS

 

UBUNTU 14.04 1

  • Select your language

 

UBUNTU 14.04 2

UBUNTU 14.04 6

  • Select “yes”

UBUNTU 14.04 7

  • Connect to internet if possible

UBUNTU 14.04 3

 

  • Select something else

 

UBUNTU 14.04 8

  • You need to create a ext4 type Linux partition and if possible a swap partition.
  • If you already have a partition in which you want to install Ubuntu, then you can select it and click “change”.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 9

 

  • Select “use as ” “Ext4 journaling file system”.
  • tick “Format the partition”
  • Select Mount point “/”
  • click “OK”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 10

 

  • click continue

 

UBUNTU 14.04 11

  • now you are ready to install Ubuntu. Click “install now”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 12

  • If you do not have linux partition the you can create one from free space.
  • I have 31001 MB free space.
  • Next i will delete /dev/sda10 swap partition by clicking ” – “.

 

 

UBUNTU 14.04 13

  • Now I get free space of size 35434 MB.
  • Select free space. Click ” + ” to create a partition.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 14

  • Select as shown below. Select type of partition is primary if possible.
  • Click “OK”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 15

 

  • Now i have created /dev/sda3 an ext4 type partition where linux will be installed
  • Select free space.
  • Click ” + ” to create another linux partition of type “swap”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 16

 

  • Select as shown below.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 17

  • Now /dev/sda10 swap partition has been created.
  • Select /dev/sda3 which is ext4 type partition .
  • click “install now”

 

 

UBUNTU 14.04 18

  • Select your geographical location.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 19

  • Select keyboard layout.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 4

  • Enter username and password.

UBUNTU 14.04 5

  • Wait for few minutes for installation to complete.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 20

  • restart when asked.

UBUNTU 14.04 22

  • Ubuntu desktop

 

UBUNTU 14.04 21

UBUNTU 14.04 23

  • launch “Software updater”

UBUNTU 14.04 31

  • Click “Install now”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 24

  • When asked to install extra multimedia plugins click “install”

 

 

UBUNTU 14.04 25

  • When asked to install additional software click “Continue”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 26

  • Launch “Ubuntu software center”

 

UBUNTU 14.04 27

  • Search a software.
  • click “Install” to install the software.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 28

  • below is show video player vlc, audio player clementine and torrent downloader qbitorrent.

 

UBUNTU 14.04 29

  • Chrome web broswer

 

UBUNTU 14.04 30

  • firefox web browser

 

UBUNTU 14.04 41

  • install “adobe flash plugin” from Ubuntu software center.

 

 

UBUNTU 14.04 42